Inmates Can Legally Possess Marijuana, but Not Smoke It, California Court Rules

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AdvertisementSupported byInmates Can Legally Possess Marijuana, but Not Smoke It, California Court RulesAn appeals court said that inmates were within their rights to possess up to an ounce of pot, but noted that prison authorities could still ban it.ImageCreditCreditGillian Flaccus/Associated PressBy Derrick Bryson TaylorJune 16, 2019A California court has ruled that prison inmates are legally allowed to possess marijuana, but that they are not permitted to use it.Last week, the Third District Court of Appeal in Sacramento overturned the convictions of five inmates who were found with pot, pointing to the language of Proposition 64, the 2016 ballot initiative that made possession of less than one ounce of marijuana no longer a felony in the state.“The purpose of the language is to describe the vast array of means of consumption, and consumption, not possession, is the act the voters determined should remain criminalized if the user is in prison,” said the ruling, which was handed down on Tuesday. “We agree with defendants that consumption can be achieved in ways not strictly involving smoking or ingesting, such as inhaled as a nonburning vapor or applied topically such that it is absorbed through the skin.”However, the court pointed out that smoking or ingesting marijuana remained a felony.The ruling added that prison authorities reserved the right to ban possession to “maintain order and safety in the prisons.”The state’s penal code makes it a crime for a person to bring “contraband” into prison, including alcohol and controlled substances.“While the court’s decision is still under review, we want to be clear that drug use and sales within state prisons remains prohibited,” said Vicky Waters, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. “C.D.C.R. is committed to providing a safe, accountable environment for prisoners and staff alike, and we plan to evaluate this decision with an eye toward maintaining health and security within our institutions.”The thinking behind allowing possession but not consumption was clear to at least one lawyer.“You can never have smoking in a facility because you can have fires, everybody’s trapped in cells, they can’t get out,” Michael Kraut, a California criminal defense attorney and former prosecutor, said on Saturday. “So the issue is not the possession of the marijuana; it’s not the issue whether it’s medical or medicinal or recreational.”“The issue is you can’t have a fire,” he said.A marijuana advocacy group in California said it did not think the ruling would have any real-world effects.“I think it’s sort of a novelty decision,” said Paul Armentano, deputy director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, which champions fair marijuana laws and regulations in California. “As is well acknowledged, plenty of behaviors and activities may be legal under state law that are not necessarily permissible to those that are incarcerated.”Mr. Armentano explained that while marijuana — in small amounts — was legal for adults in California, nothing was preventing the state corrections agency from taking its own actions.“This is one of these issues where such a loophole may exist, but it is arguably only going to exist for a short period of time,” Mr. Armentano said. “You’d be hard-pressed to make an argument that the majority of Californians, when they were deciding on this issue, were voting to allow marijuana in the criminal justice system.”He said he did not believe that inmates should be allowed to use marijuana.“It would be inconsistent with existing laws and regulations” and cultural mores, he said, “to allow inmates to use any sort of recreational intoxicants.”Think Pot Policy Is Settled? Think AgainApril 18, 2019Californians Legalize Marijuana in Vote That Could Echo NationallyNov. 9, 2016Advertisement

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Inmates Can Legally Possess Marijuana, but Not Smoke It, California Court Rules

An appeals court said that inmates were within their rights to possess up to an ounce of pot, but noted that prison authorities could still ban it.

ImageCreditCreditGillian Flaccus/Associated Press

By Derrick Bryson Taylor

June 16, 2019

A California court has ruled that prison inmates are legally allowed to possess marijuana, but that they are not permitted to use it.

Last week, the Third District Court of Appeal in Sacramento overturned the convictions of five inmates who were found with pot, pointing to the language of Proposition 64, the 2016 ballot initiative that made possession of less than one ounce of marijuana no longer a felony in the state.

“The purpose of the language is to describe the vast array of means of consumption, and consumption, not possession, is the act the voters determined should remain criminalized if the user...

Read the full article @ NY Times