California

Medical Marijuana
Drugged Driving
Hemp
Legalization
Summary of California
Year Law Last Passed 1996
How Law Was Passed Proposition 215 (56%)
Possession Limit 8 oz usable; 6 mature or 12 immature plants

Laws, Limits and Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  
Possession
Personal Use
Up to 1 oz No penalty None $ 0
28.5 grams or less, over 18 years, and occurred on school grounds Misdemeanor 10 days $ 500
28.5 grams or less, under 18 years Misdemeanor 10 days* $ 250
More than 28.5 grams Misdemeanor 6 months $ 500
With Intent to Distribute
Any amount Misdemeanor 6 months $ 500
*Detention center
Sale or Delivery
Any amount Misdemeanor 6 months $ 500
Gift of 28.5 grams or less No penalty N/A $ 100
Over 18 years to an individual 14-17 years Felony 3 - 5 years N/A
Over 18 years to an individual under 14 years Felony 3 - 7 years N/A
Cultivation
Up to 6 plants No penalty None $ 0
6 plants or more Misdemeanor 6 months $ 500
Hash & Concentrates
Up to 8 g No penalty None $ 0
8 g or more Misdemeanor 6 months $ 500
Unauthorized manufacture N/A 16 months - 3 years $ 500
Chemical manufacture N/A 3 - 7 years $ 50,000
Paraphernalia
Sale, delivery, possession with intent, and manufacture with intent Misdemeanor 15 days - 6 months $ 500
Involving a minor at least 3 years junior Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
Forfeiture
Vehicles and other property may be seized for controlled substance violations.
Miscellaneous
Using a minor in the unlawful sale or transport of marijuana is a Felony punishable by 3-7 years imprisonment. Inducing a minor to use marijuana is also a Felony punishable by 3-7 years imprisonment.
Any violation of the California Uniform Controlled Substances Act results in a fine up to $150.
A person who participates in the illegal marketing of marijuana is liable for civil damages.
It is a Misdemeanor to loiter in a public place with the intent to commit certain controlled substances offenses.
A controlled substance conviction can result in suspension of driving privileges.

Details

Drugged Driving

Every state criminalizes driving under the influence of a controlled substance. Some jurisdictions also impose additional per se laws. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold. Read further information about cannabinoids and their impact on psychomotor performance. Additional information regarding cannabinoids and proposed per se limits is available online.

Expungement

This state has enacted legislation explicitly providing the opportunity for those with marijuana convictions for activities that have since been decriminalized/legalized to have their record expunged.

Hemp

This state has an active hemp industry or has authorized research. Hemp is a distinct variety of the plant species cannabis sativa L. that contains minimal (less than 1%) amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Various parts of the plant can be utilized in the making of textiles, paper, paints, clothing, plastics, cosmetics, foodstuffs, insulation, animal feed, and other products. .

Legalization

This state has legalized marijuana for recreational use.

Medical Marijuana

This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective. For more information see: Medical Use.