District of Columbia

Medical Marijuana
Drugged Driving
Legalization

Laws, Limits and Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  
Possession
2 oz or less* None None $ 0
6 plants or less* None None $ 0
More than 2 oz Misdemeanor 6 months $ 1,000
*Initiative 71, which took effect on 2/26/15, permits adults 21 years of age or older to possess up to two ounces of marijuana in one's primary residence without penalty. Transfer without payment (but not sell) up to one ounce of marijuana to another person 21 years of age or older is also permitted. Provided that all persons residing within a single house or single rental unit may not grow more than twelve cannabis plants, with six or fewer being mature, flowering plants.
Sale, Distribution, Intent to Distribute, and Cultivation
6 plants or less* None None $ 0
1/2 lb or less(first offense) Not Classified 6 months $ 1,000
Subsequent offense Not Classified 2 years $ 5,000
Any amount Not Classified 5 years $ 50,000
*Initiative 71, which took effect on 2/26/15, permits adults 21 years of age or older to cultivate no more than six plants (with three or fewer mature at any one time) in one's primary residence without penalty. Provided that all persons residing within a single house or single rental unit may not grow more than twelve cannabis plants, with six or fewer being mature, flowering plants.
Involving a minor by a person over 21 brings additional penalty and/or fine.
Within 1000 feet of an appropriately identified public or private day care center, elementary school, vocational school, secondary school, junior college, college, or university, or any public swimming pool, playground, video arcade, youth center, or public library, or in and around public housing may bring a doubled penalty.
Hash & Concentrates
Possession N/A 180 days $ 1,000
Manufacture N/A 5 years $ 50,000
Paraphernalia
Possession or sale of paraphernalia 21 years and up None None $ 0
Possession of paraphernalia under 21 years None 30 days $ 100
Sale of paraphernalia None 6 months $ 1,000
Sale of paraphernalia subsequent offense None 2 years $ 5,000
Forfeiture
All substances, raw materials, products, equipment, property, vehicles, research products, paraphernalia, money and other assets can be seized.

Details

Conditional Release

The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.

Drugged Driving

This state has a per se drugged driving law enacted. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold.

Legalization

This state has legalized marijuana for personal use.

Medical Marijuana

This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective.