Maryland

Mandatory Minimum Sentence
Medical Marijuana
Drugged Driving
Decriminalization
Hemp

Laws, Limits and Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  
Possession
Personal Use
Less than 10 g Civil Offense None $ 100
10g - less than 50 lbs Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
50 lbs or more Felony 5 years* $ 100,000
Offenses involving the use of marijuana in public carries a civil fine of up to $500
Increased fines for subsequent offenders
With intent to distribute
Less than 50 lbs Felony 5 years $ 15,000
50 lbs or more** Felony 5 years* $ 15,000
More than 50 lbs (drug kingpin) Felony 20* - 40 years $ 1,000,000
In a school vehicle, or in, on, or within 1000 feet of an elementary or secondary school Felony 20 years $ 20,000
Subsequent violation Felony 5* - 40 years $ 40,000
Involving a minor Felony 20 years $ 20,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence
** Subsequent offense carries a mandatory minimum sentence of 2 years
Trafficking
More than 5 - less than 45 kg Felony 10 years $ 10,000
45 kg or more Felony 25 years $ 50,000
In possession of a firearm while trafficking Felony 5* - 20 years N/A
* Mandatory minimum sentence
Cultivation
See Possession section for details.
Hash & Concentrates
Penalties for hashish are the same as for marijuana. Please see the marijuana penalties section for further details.
Paraphernalia
Possession of drug paraphernalia Civil Offense None $ 0
Sale/Advertising distribution of drug paraphernalia Misdemeanor None $ 500
Subsequent violation Misdemeanor 2 years $ 2,000
Selling to a minor who is at least 3 years younger Misdemeanor 8 years $ 15,000
Possession/Sale controlled paraphernalia Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
Paraphernalia includes all equipment and materials used in the use, manufacture, or distribution of marijuana.

Details

Decriminalization

The state has decriminalized marijuana to some degree. Typically, decriminalization means no prison time or criminal record for first-time possession of a small amount for personal consumption. The conduct is treated like a minor traffic violation.

Drugged Driving

This state has a per se drugged driving law enacted. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold.

Hemp

This state has an active hemp industry or has authorized research. Hemp is a distinct variety of the plant species cannabis sativa L. that contains minimal (less than 1%) amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Various parts of the plant can be utilized in the making of textiles, paper, paints, clothing, plastics, cosmetics, foodstuffs, insulation, animal feed, and other products. .

Mandatory Minimum Sentence

When someone is convicted of an offense punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence, the judge must sentence the defendant to the mandatory minimum sentence or to a higher sentence. The judge has no power to sentence the defendant to less time than the mandatory minimum. A prisoner serving an MMS for a federal offense and for most state offenses will not be eligible for parole. Even peaceful marijuana smokers sentenced to "life MMS" must serve a life sentence with no chance of parole.

Medical Marijuana

This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective.