Minnesota

Tax Stamps
Medical Marijuana
Drugged Driving
Decriminalization
Hemp
Summary of Minnesota
Year Law Last Passed 2014
How Law Was Passed Senate Bill 2470 (46-16 S; 89-40 H)
Possession Limit 30-day supply of non-smokable marijuana

Laws, Limits and Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  
Possession
42.5 g or less* Misdemeanor N/A $ 200
More than 42.5 g - less than 10 kg Felony 5 years $ 10,000
10 - less than 50 kg Felony 20 years $ 250,000
50 - less than 100 kg Felony 25 years $ 500,000
100 kg or more Felony 30 years $ 1,000,000
More than 1.4 grams inside one's vehicle (except the trunk) Misdemeanor 90 days $ 1,000
* A conditional discharge is possible for first time offenders.
* There is a possible drug education course requirement.
Sale
42.5 g or less* without remuneration Misdemeanor N/A $ 200
More than 42.5 g - less than 5 kg Felony 5 years $ 10,000
5 - less than 25 kg Felony 20 years $ 250,000
25 - less than 50 kg Felony 25 years $ 500,000
50 kg or more Felony 30 years $ 1,000,000
Importing 100 kg or more or using a minor to import Felony 35 years $ 1,250,000
To a minor Felony 20 years $ 250,000
Within a school zone or other specified areas Felony 15 years $ 100,000
5 – less than 25 kg in a school zone Felony 25 years $ 500,000
25 kg or more in a school zone Felony 30 years $ 1,000,000
* There is a possible drug education course requirement.
Cultivation
See Possession section for details.
Hash & Concentrates
Penalties for hashish and marijuana are generally treated equally under the law. Please see details below.
Paraphernalia
Possession of paraphernalia Misdemeanor N/A $ 300
Sale/Advertise Misdemeanor N/A $ 1,000
Sale to a minor Misdemeanor 1 year $ 3,000
Miscellaneous
Conviction for possession or sale while driving may result in a 30 day driver's license suspension.

Details

Conditional Release

The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.

Decriminalization

The state has decriminalized marijuana to some degree. Typically, decriminalization means no prison time or criminal record for first-time possession of a small amount for personal consumption. The conduct is treated like a minor traffic violation.

Drugged Driving

Every state criminalizes driving under the influence of a controlled substance. Some jurisdictions also impose additional per se laws. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold. Read further information about cannabinoids and their impact on psychomotor performance. Additional information regarding cannabinoids and proposed per se limits is available online.

Hemp

This state has an active hemp industry or has authorized research. Hemp is a distinct variety of the plant species cannabis sativa L. that contains minimal (less than 1%) amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Various parts of the plant can be utilized in the making of textiles, paper, paints, clothing, plastics, cosmetics, foodstuffs, insulation, animal feed, and other products. .

Medical Marijuana

This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective. For more information see: Medical Use.

Tax Stamps

This state has a marijuana tax stamp law enacted. This law mandates that those who possess marijuana are legally required to purchase and affix state-issued stamps onto his or her contraband. Failure to do so may result in a fine and/or criminal sanction.