North Carolina

Mandatory Minimum Sentence
Medical CBD
Tax Stamps
Drugged Driving
Decriminalization
Hemp

Laws, Limits and Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  
Possession
Personal Use
0.5 oz or less Misdemeanor N/A $ 200
0.5 - 1.5 oz Misdemeanor 1 - 45 days $ 1,000
More than 1.5 oz - 10 lbs Felony 3 - 8 months $ 1,000
With intent to distribute
More than 10 - less than 50 lbs Felony 25* - 39 months $ 5,000
50 - less than 2000 lbs Felony 35* - 51 months $ 25,000
2000 - less than 10,000 lbs Felony 70* - 93 months $ 50,000
10,000 lbs or more Felony 175* - 222 months $ 200,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence
Sale or Delivery
10 lbs or less Felony 4 - 8 months $ 1,000
More than 10 - less than 50 lbs Felony 25* - 39 months $ 5,000
50 - less than 2000 lbs Felony 35* - 51 months $ 25,000
2000 - less than 10,000 lbs Felony 70* - 93 months $ 50,000
10,000 lbs or more Felony 175* - 222 months $ 200,000
To a minor or pregnant women Felony 3 - 8 years N/A
Within 1000 feet of school, child care center, or park grounds Felony 1 - 3 years N/A
* Mandatory minimum sentence
Cultivation
Less than 10 lbs Felony 3 - 8 months $ 1,000
10 - 50 lbs Felony 2* - 2.5 years $ 5,000
50 - 2000 lbs Felony 3* - 3.5 years $ 25,000
2000 - 10,000 lbs Felony 6* - 7 years $ 50,000
10,000 lbs or more Felony 14.5* - 18 years $ 200,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence
Hash & Concentrates
Possession of less than .05 oz Misdemeanor 1 - 10 days $ 200
Possession of .05 - .15 oz Misdemeanor 1 - 45 days $ 200
Possession of more than .15 oz Felony 4 - 6 months $ 200
Paraphernalia
Use, possession, sale, delivery, or manufacture of paraphernalia Misdemeanor 1 - 45 days $ 1,000
To a minor who is at least 3 years younger Felony 3 - 8 months N/A
Civil Asset Forfeiture
Vehicles and other property may be seized.
Miscellaneous
Involving a minor Felony 8 months - 7 years N/A
Possession in a penal institution Felony 4 - 8 months N/A
A fine of $0 is discretionary and is decided on a case-by-case basis by the sitting judge. See below for more details.
If convicted of a felony offense and given probation results in driver's license forfeiture.

Details

Conditional Release

The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.

Decriminalization

The state has decriminalized marijuana to some degree. Typically, decriminalization means no prison time or criminal record for first-time possession of a small amount for personal consumption. The conduct is treated like a minor traffic violation.

Drugged Driving

This state has a per se drugged driving law enacted. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold.

Hemp

This state has an active hemp industry or has authorized research. Hemp is a distinct variety of the plant species cannabis sativa L. that contains minimal (less than 1%) amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Various parts of the plant can be utilized in the making of textiles, paper, paints, clothing, plastics, cosmetics, foodstuffs, insulation, animal feed, and other products. .

Mandatory Minimum Sentence

When someone is convicted of an offense punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence, the judge must sentence the defendant to the mandatory minimum sentence or to a higher sentence. The judge has no power to sentence the defendant to less time than the mandatory minimum. A prisoner serving an MMS for a federal offense and for most state offenses will not be eligible for parole. Even peaceful marijuana smokers sentenced to "life MMS" must serve a life sentence with no chance of parole.

Medical CBD

This state has passed a medical CBD law allowing for the use of cannabis extracts that are high in CBD and low in THC for any "medical condition" for which a physician recommends it.

Tax Stamps

This state has a marijuana tax stamp law enacted. This law mandates that those who possess marijuana are legally required to purchase and affix state-issued stamps onto his or her contraband. Failure to do so may result in a fine and/or criminal sanction.