Laws, Limits and Penalties
|Any amount (first offense)||Misdemeanor||1 year||$ 1,000|
|Any amount (subsequent offense)*||Misdemeanor||1 year||$ 1,000|
|* Effective 07/01/2017|
|Sale or Distribution|
|Less than 25 lbs||Felony||2 years - life||$ 20,000|
|25 - 1000 lbs||Felony||4 years - life||$ 100,000|
|1000 lbs or more||Felony||4 years - life||$ 500,000|
|To a minor carries a double period of incarceration and fine.|
|Within 2000 feet of schools, public parks, or public housing carries a double period of incarceration and fine, and a mandatory minimum sentence.|
|See Possession and Sale sections for details.|
|Hash & Concentrates|
|Possession||Misdemeanor||1 year||$ 1,000|
|Distributing, dispensing, transporting or possession with intent||Felony||2 years - life||$ 20,000|
|Converting marijuana into hashish or concentrates||Felony||2 years - life||$ 50,000|
|Possession of paraphernalia (first offense)||Misdemeanor||1 year||$ 1,000|
|Possession of paraphernalia (second offense)||Misdemeanor||1 year||$ 5,000|
|Possession of paraphernalia (third offense)||Misdemeanor||1 year||$ 10,000|
|Any conviction will lead to a driver's license suspension from 6 months - 3 years.|
The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.
Every state criminalizes driving under the influence of a controlled substance. Some jurisdictions also impose additional per se laws. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold. Read further information about cannabinoids and their impact on psychomotor performance. Additional information regarding cannabinoids and proposed per se limits is available online.
This state has an active hemp industry or has authorized research. Hemp is a distinct variety of the plant species cannabis sativa L. that contains minimal (less than 1%) amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Various parts of the plant can be utilized in the making of textiles, paper, paints, clothing, plastics, cosmetics, foodstuffs, insulation, animal feed, and other products. .
Mandatory Minimum Sentence
When someone is convicted of an offense punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence, the judge must sentence the defendant to the mandatory minimum sentence or to a higher sentence. The judge has no power to sentence the defendant to less time than the mandatory minimum. A prisoner serving an MMS for a federal offense and for most state offenses will not be eligible for parole. Even peaceful marijuana smokers sentenced to "life MMS" must serve a life sentence with no chance of parole.
This state has passed a medical CBD law allowing for the use of cannabis extracts that are high in CBD and low in THC in instances where a physician has recommended such treatment to a patient with a state-qualifying condition.
This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective. For more information see: Medical Use.
This state has a marijuana tax stamp law enacted. This law mandates that those who possess marijuana are legally required to purchase and affix state-issued stamps onto his or her contraband. Failure to do so may result in a fine and/or criminal sanction.