Virginia

Mandatory Minimum Sentence
Medical CBD
Drugged Driving
Hemp

Laws, Limits and Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  
Possession
Less than 1/2 oz (first offense) Misdemeanor 30 days $ 500
Less than 1/2 oz (subsequent offense) Misdemeanor 1 year $ 2,500
Sale/Manufacture/Trafficking
1/2 oz - 5 lbs Felony 1* - 10 years $ 2,500
5 lbs - 100 kg Felony 5* - 30 years $ 1,000
More than 100 kg Felony 20 years* - life $ 100,000
To a minor who is at least 3 years younger Felony 2* - 50 years $ 100,000
Within 1000 ft of a school or school bus stop Felony 1* - 5 years $ 100,000
Manufacture of marijuana Felony 5* - 30 years $ 10,000
Transporting more than 5 lbs into the state Felony 5* - 40 years $ 1,000,000
Includes possession with intent to distribute
* Mandatory minimum sentence
Hash & Concentrates
Possessing hashish oil Felony 1 - 10 years $ 2,500
Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent Felony 5 - 40 years $ 500,000
Bringing more than 1 oz of hashish oil into the state Felony 5 - 40 years $ 1,000,000
Subsequent offenses carry greater penalties
Paraphernalia
Sale or possession with intent to sell paraphernalia Misdemeanor 1 year $ 2,500
To a minor who is at least 3 years younger Felony 1 year $ 2,500
Civil Asset Forfeiture
Vehicles and other assets can be seized in a civil proceeding, regardless of whether criminal charges are brought.
Miscellaneous
Maintaining a fortified drug house Felony 1* - 10 years N/A
A convicted person shall be deprived of driving privileges for 6 months.
* Mandatory minimum sentence

Details

Conditional Release

The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.

Drugged Driving

This state has a per se drugged driving law enacted. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold.

Hemp

This state has an active hemp industry or has authorized research. Hemp is a distinct variety of the plant species cannabis sativa L. that contains minimal (less than 1%) amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Various parts of the plant can be utilized in the making of textiles, paper, paints, clothing, plastics, cosmetics, foodstuffs, insulation, animal feed, and other products. .

Mandatory Minimum Sentence

When someone is convicted of an offense punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence, the judge must sentence the defendant to the mandatory minimum sentence or to a higher sentence. The judge has no power to sentence the defendant to less time than the mandatory minimum. A prisoner serving an MMS for a federal offense and for most state offenses will not be eligible for parole. Even peaceful marijuana smokers sentenced to "life MMS" must serve a life sentence with no chance of parole.

Medical CBD

This state has passed a medical CBD law allowing for the use of cannabis extracts that are high in CBD and low in THC for any "medical condition" for which a physician recommends it.