Laws, Limits and Penalties
|2 oz or less*||None||None||$ 0|
|6 plants or less*||None||None||$ 0|
|Public use||Misdemeanor||Cite and release||$ 0|
|More than 2 oz||Misdemeanor||6 months||$ 1,000|
|*Initiative 71, which took effect on 2/26/15, permits adults 21 years of age or older to possess up to two ounces of marijuana in one's primary residence without penalty. Transfer without payment (but not sell) up to one ounce of marijuana to another person 21 years of age or older is also permitted. Provided that all persons residing within a single house or single rental unit may not grow more than twelve cannabis plants, with six or fewer being mature, flowering plants.|
|Sale, Distribution, Intent to Distribute, and Cultivation|
|6 plants or less*||None||None||$ 0|
|1/2 lb or less(first offense)||Not Classified||6 months||$ 1,000|
|Subsequent offense||Not Classified||2 years||$ 5,000|
|Any amount||Not Classified||5 years||$ 50,000|
|*Initiative 71, which took effect on 2/26/15, permits adults 21 years of age or older to cultivate no more than six plants (with three or fewer mature at any one time) in one's primary residence without penalty. Provided that all persons residing within a single house or single rental unit may not grow more than twelve cannabis plants, with six or fewer being mature, flowering plants.|
|Involving a minor by a person over 21 brings additional penalty and/or fine.|
|Within 1000 feet of an appropriately identified public or private day care center, elementary school, vocational school, secondary school, junior college, college, or university, or any public swimming pool, playground, video arcade, youth center, or public library, or in and around public housing may bring a doubled penalty.|
|Hash & Concentrates|
|Possession||N/A||180 days||$ 1,000|
|Manufacture||N/A||5 years||$ 50,000|
|Possession or sale of paraphernalia 21 years and up||None||None||$ 0|
|Possession of paraphernalia under 21 years||None||30 days||$ 100|
|Sale of paraphernalia||None||6 months||$ 1,000|
|Sale of paraphernalia subsequent offense||None||2 years||$ 5,000|
|All substances, raw materials, products, equipment, property, vehicles, research products, paraphernalia, money and other assets can be seized.|
The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.
Every state criminalizes driving under the influence of a controlled substance. Some jurisdictions also impose additional per se laws. In their strictest form, these laws forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of an illicit drug or drug metabolite (i.e., compounds produced from chemical changes of a drug in the body, but not necessarily psychoactive themselves) present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold. Read further information about cannabinoids and their impact on psychomotor performance. Additional information regarding cannabinoids and proposed per se limits is available online.
This state has legalized marijuana for recreational use.
This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective. For more information see: Medical Use.